主页 > 区块链钱包 > [imtoken钱包真假辨认]跟着华尔街学习如何挣钱:年龄不同投资策略不

[imtoken钱包真假辨认]跟着华尔街学习如何挣钱:年龄不同投资策略不

管理员 区块链钱包 2022年05月02日

  说到风险,新兴市场基金比专注于日本或西欧这类发达经济体的海外基金的波动性更大。这种波动性代表了这类基金存在的风险。不过,作为一名较年轻的投资者,你应该拥有多一些的风险敞口,因为从长远来看,更大的风险往往意味着更高的回报。

  考虑到股市仍处于相对低的水平,而且一些人还需要重建以前的投资组合,因此一些咨询师建议调整投资组合的成分,通过低成本股市指数共同基金来实现更高的股市敞口。

  55或55岁以上

  一旦进入这个年龄段,你就开始从年轻时的激进立场转向更为深思熟虑的立场。与此同时,由于你很可能正处于赚钱的巅峰状态,这个年龄段也是一个非常重要的攒钱期。

  In recent months, the stock market has rebounded, but most of our nest eggs have still lost a lot of money since the market topped out in 2007.

  Under40

  "Annuities can play a very strong role, because a lot of them carry guaranteed income," says Mr. Bonhard... Having those guarantees makes it easier to take a little additional risk with the rest of your assets. But you do pay something to get those guarantees, and you have to watch that closely."

  40~55岁

  随着你的退休年龄越来越近,你希望这些年来积攒的资金能够保值。问题是,其中的许多资金在过去两年市场的下行中都已经损失了。

  如果你还不到40岁,那你算是幸运的。你有两项优势。首先,如果你有足够时间的话,时间能治疗伤痛。股市最终将复苏并实现增长。其次,通过早早的攒钱(你现在应该正在这样做),你会获得“滚雪球”式的好处,早期的收益就是建立在这个基础上的。

  55 and Over

  40 to 55

  Having enough is more important than having more," says Mr. Bonhard. "If you've reached enough, you don't want to be gambling for more."

  他还提醒,只能从那些财务状况良好、信用评级可靠的公司购买年金。

  He cautions that you should purchase annuities only from companies with a strong financial position and solid credit ratings.

  One strategy is to consider the minimum amount of income you require on an annual basis and then see if there's a low-cost annuity that promises to pay at least that amount for life.

  伯恩哈德说,“年金扮演着非常重要的角色,因为许多年金都会保障收入。有了这些保障,其他的资产冒点风险问题也会太大。但你得有所付出才能获得这些保障,而且必须密切关注”。

  Figuring out how to deal with your retirement portfolio depends on where you are in your life. Time is perhaps the most important element in building or rebuilding a portfolio. That's one reason we're breaking down this nest-egg analysis into age groupings, aiming to give people some ideas that suit their current situation.

  According to recent surveys, retirement security is first and foremost on the minds of people in this group.

  In order to boost savings during this critical time, Mr. Medley encourages clients in this age range to set up automatic savings plans that direct a portion of their paychecks into an investment account at a firm like Charles Schwab or Fidelity Investments, where it can be invested in stock mutual funds.

  为了在这样的关键时期提高存款额,麦德利鼓励这个年龄段的客户设置自动存款计划,直接将部分工资转到嘉信理财或富达投资等机构的投资账户中,从中可以投资股票共同基金。

  世上没有毫无凤险就能重建储蓄的方法。超级安全或许感觉不错,但是随着时间的推移却没有分文的回报。我们中有小部分人可以靠超级安全的方法过活,但大部分人仍在努力寻找重回正轨的方法。

  近几个月来,股市出现了反弹,但自2007年股市见顶以来,我们大部分储蓄仍损失惨重。

  You also want to take a long view of the investment arena. A lot of growth in coming years is expected to come from overseas, especially in emerging markets. Tim Medley of Medley & Brown Financial Advisers in Ridgeland, Miss. says, "clients should have at least 35% of their stock holdings in non-U.S. stock funds".

  此外,鉴于你长线投资的战略,股价的下跌是一个机会。像巴菲特这样出色的长线投资者认为,即使是在最近主要股指都有所反弹之后,美国股价仍相对较低。

  Alas, there's no such thing as a risk-free approach to rebuilding your nest egg. Super safe may feel nice, but it pays no returns over time. A few of us are in a position to live off a super-safe approach, but most of us are trying to figure out how to get back on track.

  一个策略是,想想你每年所需的最低收入是多少,然后看看有没有低成本的年金,可以承诺终生支付至少这个数目。

  你还应该长远地看待投资地点。预计未来几年的很多增长将来自海外,特别是新兴市场。密西西比州 Medley & Brown Financial Advisers的麦德利说,“客户应该至少有35%的股票资产投在非美国股票基金上”。

  路易斯安那州Williams Financial Advisers的威廉姆斯说,“在这种情况下,重要的是清楚你目前的状况,不要再去想你在2007年时的情况”。

  "For younger people, the best place to be is in well-selected stock mutual funds," Mr. Medley says.

  不到40岁

  Also, given your long-term outlook, the drop in share prices is an opportunity. Great long-term investors, such as Warren Buffett, believe that U.S. stock prices are still a relative bargain, even after the recent bounce-back in the major averages.

  Portfolio choices, especially among retirees, should be made from a stance of prudence and common sense.

  Once you enter this age range, you are starting to move from the aggressive stance of your youth to something a bit more measured. At the same time, you are entering a very important savings period since you likely are at the height of your earning power.

  "What's important in this case is recognizing where you are right now and not trying to think about where you were in 2007," says Tommy Williams of Williams Financial Advisers in Shreveport, La.

  "First, people have reacted to the market downturn by reducing the amount of money they' re saving and investing," says Mark Bonhard, an investment adviser with Dawson Wealth Management in Cleveland. "Second, they've started changing their strategy without good reason. All that does is lock in the losses and prevent a chance to recover."

  In terms of risk, emerging-markets funds are more volatile than overseas funds that focus on developed economies like Japan or Western Europe. That volatility is emblematic of the risk in this cohort of funds. But as a younger investor, you want to have a bit more risk exposure, since greater risk tends to translate into greater returns over the long term.

  麦穗利说,“人们需要在他们的退休账户之外另行存钱。自动计划实际上也很简单,适合于大多数人”。

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